A road bike is different to a mountain bike which is for mountain trails, BMX which is for racing, and motorbikes which are embedded with a motor to make them go faster with no work besides steering, keeping it on the road, and not getting into an accident. In other words, the former two listed are manual bikes with slightly different uses than a road bike, and the latter bike is in a category all by itself and not tailored to the needs of the three manual parts.
Road bikes travel on paved roads, city streets, and pathways. Parts unique to road bikes include tyres, tubes, pumps, inflation, rim tape, rim parts, rube protection/repair and tubeless items, valve extenders, cores, caps, complete wheels, individual wheels, wheelsets, rims, rim tape and parts, spokes, spoke nipples and protectors, wheel building tools, wheel bags, skewers/quick releases, frames, build kits, frame protection, frame shock hardware, frame shock service parts, frame shock tuning springs, frame shocks, framesets, seatpost binders, seatpost sizers and shims, forks and suspension, fork and shock tools, fork maintenance and service parts, fork tuning springs, forks – rigid, forks – suspension, frame shock hardware, frame shock tuning springs, frame shocks, shock oil, shock pumps and suspension posts.
The amount of road bike parts you have to keep up probably leaves it best to the expert to take care of and handle. There is no need to work with an expert if you buy a road bike book that explains the fundamentals of repair, maintenance, and working with your road bike, but few people do this, or if they do, they don’t take the trouble of reading the whole book through to gain all the information about road bike parts that will actually help them to fit that particular part that goes wrong when it comes up on their bike.
Some of the most popular road bike parts include the Thomson Elite Bicycle Seatpost, Planet Bike Cascadia Front and Rear Bicycle Mud Flaps, LED Safety Bike Lights by Nite Ize, Shimano Tourney 6/7-Speed Rear Derailleur, Mount Black, Bike Cable – Jagwire – Racer Complete Road Brake & Derailleur DIY Kit, Avenir Expander 2.0 Seat Bag, SRAM PC 1 Snaplock Bicycle Chain, Thomson Masterpiece Bicycle Seat Post, LOOK Cycles Keo Grip Road Cleat, Pyramid Long Black Foam Grips, Innovations Tri-Fold Tyre Repair and Inflation Seat Bag, Shimano 2010 Ultegra 10-Speed Road Bicycle Cassette, Fizik Arione K:ium Wing Flex Road Bicycle Saddle, Two Fish Bike Block Pump Holder (one strap and block), Silca Presta Valve Floor Pump Head, Ritchey Comp Adjustable Bicycle Stem, LED Front / Rear Safety Bicycle Light by Nite Ize, SRAM Rival Road Bike Rear Derailleur, Kenda Kaliente Road Racing Bike Tyre, SRAM Rival Road Bike Brake Caliper Set (Black), and many more.